In Sanskrit, Abha means aura. In Persian, it means Paradise and is the derivative of "God the Glorious". In praise of the supreme power, the word beseeches God's blessing in every affairs of life, be it travel or any other business.
Bird watching begins right here in Kathmandu by the banks of Bagmati and Manohara rivers. Birds sighted along these rivers are the Egrets, Herons, Kingfishers, Ibisbill, Wood Sandkipers and Plovers. Away from human disturbances many birds are seen here.
An ideal location to start around the valley is Phulchoki, which is teeming with a wide variety of birds. Over 90 different kinds of birds have been recorded here including the endemic Spiny Babbler. Other birds found here are the Cutie, Mountain Hawk Eagle, Rufous Bellied Pied Wood Peckers, Black Throated Parrotbill etc. The Shivapuri National Park & Wildlife Reserve This site is another popular destination for the bird watchers. It lies 2 km north of Kathmandu. Some of the birds sighted here are the Laughing Thrush, Crested Serpent Eagle, Little Pied flycathers, Ruby Throats, Babblers etc.
The other destination is Nagarjun, which lies northwest of Kathmandu, only 10 minutes drive from Thamel. Some of the birds sighted here are Pheasants, Magpies, Sunbirds, Rubby Throats etc.
Chitwan is the best destination for bird watching which lies 120 km southwest of Kathmandu. The birds found here are Cormorants, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Blue Indian Roller, Hornbills, Stork billed Kingfishers, Grey headed Eagles, Ruby Cheeked Sunbird, Bengal Florican, Large-tailed Night Jar, Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Beaters & Lesser Florican etc. More than 500 species have been recorded only in Chitwan.
The wildlife reserve and Koshi Barrage lie in the eastern Terai along the east west high way. A very large number of birds are seen along the wide Koshi River and in the grassland and marshes. About 26 species of Ducks are seen in the numerous ponds. Birds found in these areas are Black Ibis, Honey kites, Os preys, Marsh & Pied Harriers, Stork Billed Kingfishers, Black Headed Orioles, Himalayan Ruby Throat, Peregrine Falcon, Patridges, Sand Pipers etc. Over 450 species of birds have been sighted here.
Bardia is also a popular destination for bird watching which is covered by sal forest and the rest is riverine forests and glass lands. A boat ride on the slow moving river Karnali gives plenty of opportunities to see birds of many varieties. The birds sighted here are the Ruddy Shelduck, Darters, Brahmini Kites, Brown Headed Gulls, Cormorants, Oriental Pied Hornbills, Night Heron & Purple Herons, Cinnaon Bitterns, Little Prantincole, Orioles & the majestic Peacocks etc. Best time to visit is December to March.